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1.Загальна характеристика:

Факультет : гуманітарний

Кафедра іноземних мов та перекладу

Індекс групи : рп

Семестр : 7

Заключна форма контролю : іспит

Кількість модулів: 3

Викладачі: Богатирьова О.Є., Євтушенко Н.І.

Укладач електронної версії: Богатирьова Олена Євгеніївна

2.Структура екзаменаційного білета :

Спеціальність Переклад Семестр VII

Навчальний предмет Практика усного та письмового мовлення


1. Translate the article into English and develop the problem of higher education in Ukraine.

2. Render the sentences and word combinations using your active vocabulary.

3. Read and translate the extract . Make a literary comment on it.
Затверджено на засіданні кафедри перекладу та іноземних мов

Протокол № _____________ від р.
Зав. Кафедрою _____________ Лазаренко Л.М.
Екзаменатор ________Богатирьова О.Є.

3.Структура питань білета :

1. Перше питання:

а)переклад-реферування статті з державної англійською мовою (обсяг реферування- від 10 речень, але не більш 25 % від обсягу статті). Статті готуються за семестровою тематикою з періодичних видaнь України ( в тому числі –електронних видань) за останні два поточних роки. Обсяг статті- до 3000 друкованих знаків.

б) спонтанне висловлювання студента на запропоновану тему, що є пов'язанною із змістом статті (до 7 хвилин ) за наступними темами:

  1. The problem of higher education in Ukraine.

  2. The job of an interpreter.

  3. Your views about the art of translation.

  4. Current economical problems.

  5. The problems of Economy in Ukraine.

  6. The problem of career prospects for the young.

  7. The problem of career stages.

  8. The problem of career and higher education.

  9. The problem of starting career in Ukraine.

  10. The problem of getting higher education in Ukraine.

  11. The Financial Aspects of Getting Higher Education

  12. Going to college delayed maturity and independence for many Ukrainians;

  13. Getting higher education extends many of the stresses of adolescence into a person’s 20s and postponing the rites of adulthood, such as marriage and childbearing.

  14. As modern society pays more attention to education, it also devotes a greater proportion of its resources to it.

  15. Parents are expected to support their children longer and to forgo their children's contribution to the household.

  16. The workplace in different cultures

  17. The competitive career environment

2. Друге питання: переклад речень з англійської мови українською з використанням активного вокабуляру семестрової тематики:

  1. Among the rights sought currently by feminist groups throughout the world are the right to serve on juries, the right to retain earnings and property after marriage, the right to retain citizenship after marriage to an alien, and the right to equal pay and equal job opportunity.

  2. The rapid changeover in industry from peace to war led to training schemes for semiskilled workers, for workers transferred to new jobs, and for women newly brought into industry.

  3. If the grand jury finds sufficient evidence to justify a trial on the crime charged, it issues an indictment—a formal document containing a plain statement of the facts constituting the offence charged.

  4. Finally, it has been argued that advertisers exercise an undue influence over the regular contents of the media they employ--the editorial stance of a newspaper or the subject of a television show.

  5. To trace the precise relations between art and morality is far from easy; for want of a better term, "interactionism" could be used to label the view that aesthetic and moral values each have distinctive roles to play in the world but that neither operates independently of the other.

  6. Among the rights sought currently by feminist groups throughout the world are the right to serve on juries, the right to retain earnings and property after marriage, the right to retain citizenship after marriage to an alien, and the right to equal pay and equal job opportunity.

  7. At the operating level in industry and in public utilities, new techniques, new methods, new tools, new synthetics, new sources of power, and increased uses of automation have brought extensive changes in the past decades, and the rate of change tends to increase as time goes on.

  8. The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and describes how law enforcement officials can obtain warrants (court orders permitting a search or arrest).

  9. In response it has been pointed out that such influence is counteracted, at least in the case of financially strong media firms, by the advertiser's reliance on the media to convey his messages; any compromise of the integrity of a media firm might result in a smaller audience for his advertising.

  10. It would be admitted, first of all, that works of literature (which will be examined first, since of all the arts the relation of literature to morality is most obvious) can teach valuable moral lessons through explicit presentation: the genre that has this as its aim is didactic literature, as exemplified by Pilgrim's Progress by the English Puritan John Bunyan and Back to Methuselah by the Irish dramatist George Bernard Shaw.

  11. Women’s rights guarantee that women will not face discrimination on the basis of their sex, though until the second half of the 20th century, women in most societies were denied some of the legal and political rights accorded to men.

  12. Comparable changes are taking place in the office with the extended use of computers and data processors, which provide for the storing and recall of information in amounts unknown 20 years ago.

  13. After an arrest is made, a series of events takes place leading up to either release, a guilty plea, or a trial to determine the accused person’s guilt or innocence.

  14. In a free-market economy effective advertising is essential to a company's survival, for unless consumers know about a company's product they are unlikely to buy it.

  15. But most works of literature do not exist to teach a moral lesson: possibly, Shakespeare did not write Othello merely to attack racial prejudice or Macbeth to prove that crime does not pay. Literature does teach but in a far more important way than by explicit preachment: it teaches, as John Dewey said, by being, not by express intent.

  16. Many people believed that women’s natural roles were as mothers and wives and considered women to be better suited for childbearing and homemaking rather than for involvement in the public life of business or politics.

  17. Great emphasis is now placed on a good start through initial job training, supplemented by orientation sessions or by attractively produced printed material describing the nature and objectives of the employment and the conditions of work.

  18. If arrested on a serious offense, the accused will be placed in a holding facility to await the filing of an initial charging document (complaint) and a first appearance before a judge or magistrate.

  19. The other advertising media include direct mail, which can make a highly detailed and personalized appeal; outdoor billboards and posters; transit advertising, which can reach the millions of users of mass-transit systems; and miscellaneous media, including dealer displays and promotional items such as matchbooks or calendars.

  20. Literature presents characters and situations (usually situations of difficult moral decision) through which the reader can deepen his own moral perspectives by reflecting on other people's problems and conflicts, which usually have a complexity that his own daily situations do not possess.

  21. Widespread belief that women were intellectually inferior to men led most societies to limit women’s education to learning domestic skills while well-educated, upper-class men controlled most positions of employment and power in society.

  22. Sensitivity training has been introduced to help individuals to study their own behaviour and reactions to one another by means of group discussion in which there is frank analysis of interrelationships between members of the group.

  23. A person prosecuted in the federal courts on a charge of violating a federal criminal law is subject to federal criminal procedure.

  24. Advertising is the techniques and practices used to bring products, services, opinions, or causes to public notice for the purpose of persuading the public to respond in a certain way toward what is advertised.

  25. The reader can view such situations with a detachment that he can seldom achieve in daily life when he is immersed in the stream of action; by viewing these situations objectively and reflecting on them, he is enabled to make his own moral decisions more wisely when life calls on him in turn to make them.

  26. Because most women lacked the educational and economic resources that would enable them to challenge the prevailing social order, women generally accepted their inferior status as their only option.

  27. Members of the training staff create a situation by playacting, and the trainees either comment on what is taking place or participate in the attempt to find a solution, or they perform functions or services in conditions that simulate their working environment.

  28. A judge determines whether or not the accused person should be tried after reviewing the evidence during a preliminary hearing.

  29. Most advertising involves promoting a good that is for sale, but similar methods are used to encourage people to drive safely, to support various charities, or to vote for political candidates, among many other examples.

  30. Through literature the reader is carried beyond the confines of the narrow world that most persons inhabit into a world of thought and feeling more profound and more varied than his own, a world in which he can share the experiences of human beings (real or fictitious) who are far removed from him in space and time and in attitude and way of life.

  31. At this time, women shared these disadvantages with the majority of working class men, as many social, economic, and political rights were restricted to the wealthy elite.

  32. The case-study method has become popular; a problem situation is presented in considerable detail and trainees are asked to make suggestions for its solution.

  33. If temporary pretrial release was not secured at an earlier stage, the magistrate will consider whether the accused is entitled to be released on bail and, if so, the conditions the accused must meet to gain release from custody pending the trial.

  34. In many countries advertising is the most important source of income for the media (e.g., newspapers, magazines, or television stations) through which it is conducted, in the noncommunist world advertising has become a large and important service industry.

  35. Through literature the reader is carried beyond the confines of the narrow world that most persons inhabit into a world of thought and feeling more profound and more varied than his own, a world in which he can share the experiences of human beings (real or fictitious) who are far removed from him in space and time and in attitude and way of life.

  36. In the late 18th century, in an attempt to remedy these inequalities among men, political theorists and philosophers asserted that all men were created equal and therefore were entitled to equal treatment under the law.

  37. This widespread interest in training has led to considerable innovation in method. Formal lectures have given way to group discussion.

  38. Nolo contendere plea has the same consequences as entering a guilty plea, but it does not require the defendant to admit guilt.

  39. The great expansion of business in the 19th century was accompanied by the growth of an advertising industry; it was that century, primarily in the United States, that saw the establishment of advertising agencies. The first agencies were, in essence, brokers for space in newspapers.

  40. Literature enables the reader to enter directly into the affective processes of other human beings, and, having done this, no perceptive reader can any longer condemn or dismiss en masse a large segment of humanity as "foreigners" or "wastrels," for a successful work of literature brings them to life as individuals, animated by the same passions as he is, facing the same conflicts, and tried in the same crucible of bitter experience.

  41. In the 19th century, as governments in Europe and North America began to draft new laws guaranteeing equality among men, significant numbers of women—and some men—began to demand that women be accorded equal rights as well.

  42. Some very large corporations have developed their own systems of technical classes, supplementary to direct job training.

  43. The defense may file a variety of pretrial motions objecting to various aspects of the prosecution which may challenge the sufficiency and form of the charging documents or the composition and conduct of the grand jury.

  44. But by the early 20th century agencies became involved in producing the advertising message itself, including copy and artwork, and by the 1920s agencies had come into being that could plan and execute complete advertising campaigns, from initial research to copy preparation to placement in various media.

  45. Through such an exercise of the sympathetic imagination, literature tends to draw all men together instead of setting them apart from one another in groups or types with convenient labels for each.

  46. The growing split between home and work reinforced the idea that women’s “rightful place” was in the home, while men belonged in the public world of employment and politics.

  47. For the more technical skills, it is quite common in the United States for the large employer to make arrangements with a university to set up special courses; in Great Britain it is more usual to encourage employees to attend regular class facilities to obtain technical certificates..

  48. A few states permit conviction on less than a unanimous verdict in some cases.

  49. There are eight principal media for advertising. Perhaps the most basic medium is the newspaper, which offers advertisers large circulations, a readership located close to the advertiser's place of business, and the opportunity to alter their advertisements on a frequent and regular basis.

  50. Far more than preaching or moralizing, more even than the descriptive and scientific discourses of psychology or sociology, literature tends to unite mankind and reveal the common human nature that exists in everyone behind the facade of divisive doctrines, political ideologies, and religious beliefs.

  51. The second wave of organised efforts by women to achieve greater rights gained momentum during the civil rights movement of the 1960s, when the struggle by African Americans to achieve racial equality inspired women to renew their own struggle for equality.

  52. Sometimes this is achieved by "sandwich" training, periods on the job alternating with periods at a technical institute.

  53. A motion for a new trial on the basis of newly discovered evidence that, had it been available at the trial, might have resulted in an acquittal may be made after the defendant has been sentenced; however, there is generally a time limit on this.

  54. Magazines, the other chief print medium, may be of general interest or they may be aimed at specific audiences (such as people interested in outdoor sports or computers or literature) and offer the manufacturers of products of particular interest to such people the chance to make contact with their most likely customers.

  55. Still, wide and serious reading of literature has an observable effect: people who do this kind of reading, no matter what their other characteristics may be, do tend to be more understanding of other people's conflicts, to have more sympathy with their problems, and to be able to empathize more with them as human beings than do people who have never broadened their horizons by reading literature at all.

  56. Most Enlightenment thinkers had little to say about the position women held in society, and many of their followers assumed that the concepts of liberty, equality, and political representation applied only to men.

  57. Many employers encourage further education by paying tuition fees or by allowing free time to attend classes.

  58. Following cross-examination, the original party may conduct a redirect examination of the witness in order to explain away matters brought out on cross-examination.

  59. A strategy will combine creativity in the production of the advertising messages with canny scheduling and placement, so that the messages are seen by, and will have an effect on, the people the advertiser most wants to address.

  60. No one who has read great literature widely and for a considerable period, so as to make it an integral part of his life, can any longer share the same provincialism and be dominated by the same narrow prejudices that seem to characterize most people most of the time.

  61. In response to Rousseau and others who belittled the role of women in society, English writer Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1791), in which she argued that, like men, women were naturally rational but their inferior education often taught them to be silly and emotional.

  62. Since changes are frequent with technological advances, refresher training has become common in clerical as well as in industrial work.

  63. If the judge again denies the motion, the case goes to the jury after the judge provides instructions concerning the applicable law.

  64. Given a fixed budget, advertisers face a basic choice: they can have their message seen or heard by many people fewer times, or by fewer people many times: this and other strategic decisions are made in light of tests of the effectiveness of advertising campaigns.

  65. Literature, perhaps more than anything else, exercises a leavening influence on the temper of a man's moral life,- it looses him from the bonds of his own position in space and time; it releases him from exclusive involvement with his own struggles from day to day; it enables him to see his own local problems and trials from the perspective of eternity--he can now view them as if from an enormous height.

  66. In the early 19th century, the vast majority of married women throughout Europe and the United States still had no legal identity apart from their husbands ; this legal status—known as coverture—prohibited a married woman from being a party in a lawsuit, sitting on a jury, holding property in her own name, or writing a will. In custody disputes, courts routinely granted permanent custody of children to the father.

  67. Thereafter, the rapid contemporary advance of technological change made training a necessity in almost all walks of life.

  68. A retrial following a hung jury does not violate the Fifth Amendment’s prohibition against double jeopardy, which generally prevents a person from being tried twice for the same offense.

  69. In criticism of advertising it has been argued that the consumer must pay for the cost of advertising in the form of higher prices for goods; against this point it is argued that advertising enables goods to be mass marketed, thereby bringing prices down.

  70. Its moral potency is perhaps greatest when it presents not systems but human beings in action, so that through the exercise of the imagination the reader can see his own customs and philosophies as he sees theirs: as some among many of the countless adjustments and solutions to human problems that different circumstances and man's endlessly varied and resourceful nature have produced.

  71. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony insisted that the 15th Amendment be expanded to guarantee suffrage to women, while with the formation of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890, the women’s rights movement focused almost exclusively on attaining the right to vote.

  72. During and after World War II, in-service training by employers became a common practice.

  73. Available sentences include fine, forfeiture, restitution, probation, some form of incarceration or deprivation of liberty, or a combination of these.

  74. It has been argued that the cost of major advertising campaigns is such that few firms can afford them, thus helping these firms to dominate the market; on the other hand, whereas smaller firms may not be able to compete with larger ones at a national level, at the local level advertising enables them to hold their own.

  75. If these same people had been exposed from early youth to great masterpieces of literature and had learned through them to appreciate the tremendous diversity of human mores and beliefs held by other groups, with the same degree of sincerity that they themselves possess, they would be less likely to be as harsh, intolerant, and rigid as they are.

3.Третє питання: фонетичне читання, літературний переклад зазначеного уривка з неадаптованого художнього твору; перекладацький коментар. Обсяг- до 2500 друкованих знаків. Кількість незнайомої лексики- до 7 % (середній ступінь складності).

Зразок тексту (2638 др.зн. Дж. Роулінгс „Гарі Поттер”)- виділені незнайомі слова

The Sorting Hat

The door swung open at once. A tall, black-haired witch in emerald-green robes stood there. She had a very stern face and Harry's first thought was that this was not someone to cross.

"The firs' years, Professor McGonagall," said Hagrid.

"Thank you, Hagrid. I will take them from here."

She pulled the door wide. The entrance hall was so big you could have fit the whole of the Dursleys' house in it. The stone walls were lit with flaming torches like the ones at Gringotts, the ceiling was too high to make out, and a magnificent marble staircase facing them led to the upper floors.

They followed Professor McGonagall across the flagged stone floor. Harry could hear the drone of hundreds of voices from a doorway to the right -the rest of the school must already be here -- but Professor McGonagall showed the first years into a small, empty chamber off the hall. They crowded in, standing rather closer together than they would usually have done, peering about nervously.

"Welcome to Hogwarts," said Professor McGonagall. "The start-of-term banquet will begin shortly, but before you take your seats in the Great Hall, you will be sorted into your houses. The Sorting is a very important ceremony because, while you are here, your house will be something like your family within Hogwarts. You will have classes with the rest of your house, sleep in your house dormitory, and spend free time in your house common room.

"The four houses are called Gryffindor, Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw, and Slytherin. Each house has its own noble history and each has produced outstanding witches and wizards. While you are at Hogwarts, your triumphs will earn your house points, while any rulebreaking will lose house points. At the end of the year, the house with the most points is awarded the house cup, a great honour. I hope each of you will be a credit to whichever house becomes yours.

"The Sorting Ceremony will take place in a few minutes in front of the rest of the school. I suggest you all smarten yourselves up as much as you can while you are waiting."

Her eyes lingered for a moment on Neville's cloak, which was fastened under his left ear, and on Ron's smudged nose. Harry nervously tried to flatten his hair.

"I shall return when we are ready for you," said Professor McGonagall. "Please wait quietly."

She left the chamber. Harry swallowed.

"How exactly do they sort us into houses?" he asked Ron.

"Some sort of test, I think. Fred said it hurts a lot, but I think he was joking."

Harry's heart gave a horrible jolt. A test? In front of the whole school? But he didn't know any magic yet -- what on earth would he have to do? He hadn't expected something like this the moment they arrived. He looked around anxiously and saw that everyone else looked terrified, too. No one was talking much except Hermione Granger, who was whispering very fast about all the spells she'd learned and wondering which one she'd need. Harry tried hard not to listen to her. He'd never been more nervous, never, not even when he'd had to take a school report home to the Dursleys saying that he'd somehow turned his teacher's wig blue. He kept his eyes fixed on the door. Any second now, Professor McGonagall would come back and lead him to his doom.

4.Рекомендовані навчально-методичні матеріали :

4.1 Основна та додаткова література


Аракин В.Д.

Практический курс английского языка. 4 курс.

М., «Валдос», 1999


J.,L. Soars

Headway Upper Intermediate

Oxford University Press, 2000


Austen, Jane

Pride and Prejudice

Penguin Books, 1999


Austen, Jane

Mansfield Park

Penguin Books, 1999


Austen, Jane


Penguin Books, 1999


Austen, Jane

Sense and Sensibility

Penguin Books, 1999


Казакова Т.А.

Практические основы перевода



Алексеева И.С

Профессиональный тренинг переводчика

СПб, 2003


Корунець І.В.

Теорія і практика перекладу

Київ, 1987, 2003


Богатирьова О.Є.

Навчально-методична розробка „Higher Education”

ПДТУ, 2003


Богатирьова О.Є.

Навчально-методична розробка “Current Economical Problems”

Дискетна версія, ксерокопії


Лазаренко Л. М. Богатирьова О.Є.

Навчально-методична розробка “Career Prospects”

ПДТУ, 2003


Богатирьова О.Є.

Навчально-методична розробка “Novel Evaluation”

ПДТУ, 2002


Богатирьова О.Є.

Навчально-методична розробка “Literary analysis”

Дискетна версія, ксерокопії

4.2 Перелік навчальних та інших посібників та технічних засобів

4.2.1 Відеокасети. Навчальні відеокурси:
Headway Upper Intermediate – відеокурс, 12 уроків з коментарем

Headway Pre-Intermediate– відеокурс, 12 уроків з коментарем

Pride and Prejudice- художній фільм, 4 частини , із субтитрами (англ. мова)

Emma- художній фільм, 2 частини , із субтитрами (англ. мова)

      1. Аудіокасети. Навчальні авдіокасети.

Headway Upper Intermediate – авдіокурс, 3 касети з коментарем

Лондонський лінгафонний курс- 2 авдіокасети з коментарем

      1. Комп'ютерні програми:

Microsoft Encarta Encyclopaedia Deluxe 2001 на трьох компакт дисках

Encyclopaedia Britannica Deluxe 2001 на компакт диску

Hutchinson Educational Encyclopaedia 1999 на компакт диску

Сучасна англомовна література на компакт диску

Англомовна бібліотека на компакт диску

Дискетні версії НМР (5 примірників)
  1. Критерії оцінки

  2. Урахування рейтингу :

Іспит наприкінці семестру є необхідною ланкою в процесі навчання і не може заміняти окремі контрольні заходи щодо різних розділів (модулів) курсу. Як правило, тільки готуючись до іспиту, студент починає бачити дисципліну в цілому. Пропонується використовувати як заохочення іспит- автомат. На підготовку до іспиту студент має кілька днів, іспит провадиться у визначений час і у визначеній аудиторії.

Екзаменаційна оцінка враховує рейтинг та екзаменаційний результат. Студент має можливість підвищити свій рейтинг на іспиті.

  1. Визначається рейтингова оцінка студента з навчальної дисципліни за семестр. Максимальна кількість рейтингових балів (М) дорівнює загальному числу годин, відведених для дисциплін у учбовому плані.Викладач повинен так оцінити кожен вид контролю, щоб сума максимальних балів (М) кількісно дорівнювала числу годин дисципліни.

  2. Пропонується наступна схема видів поточних контролів:

  1. Відвідування занять- 10%

  2. Письмові види КСРС – 40%

  3. Усні види КСРС -40%

  4. Заохочувальні бали за сумлінність, творчість, науковість - 10%

Наприклад, при навчальному навантаженні 18 годин на семестр викладач може вивести бали за такою схемою:

  1. Відвідування занять- 10%

Навчальне навантаження:














  1. Письмові види КСРС – 40%

Студенти виконують 4 письмові КСРС, кожна з яких максимально оцінюється 5. М2= 20 ОБ2

  1. Усні види КСРС -40%

Студени виконують 5 усних КСРС, кожна з яких максимально оцінюється 5. М3= 25 .

ОБ 3

  1. Заохочувальні бали за сумлінність, творчість, науковість - 10%

Викладач може додати певну кількість балів. Критерієм у такому разі можуть стати: постійний прояв цих якостей- (відмінно) пряв однієї ц цих якостей- (добре) одноразовий - (задовільно) ці якості виявляються рідко або ніколи- (незадовільно).

Всього студент набрав ОБ1+ ОБ2+ ОБ3+ ОБ4=ОБ

М1+ М2+ М3+ М4= М

Його рейтинг складе (ОБ: М)*5

  1. Якщо рейтинг складає від 3,7 балів до 4,6 бали, то пропонується виставити екзаменаційну оцінку- автомат „добре”.

Якщо рейтинг складає від 4,7 балів до 5 балів, то пропонується виставити екзаменаційну оцінку – автомат „відмінно”.

Якщо рейтинг складає від 0 балів до 2 балів то пропонується виставити екзаменаційну оцінку – автомат „незадовільно”.

  1. Студент може спрогнозувати свою рейтингову оцінку за спрощеною схемою таким чином:

Сума оцінок за всі види КСРС поділена на кількість КСРС .

Викладач може окремо врахувати пропуски занять і зняти від 0,1 до0,5 бали, або додати заохочувальні бали від 0,1 до 0,5 і згідно з отриманим підсумковим рейтингом визначити екзаменаційну оцінку.

Примітка :

Рекомендації грунтуються на наступних нормативних документах:

Положення про організацію та контроль самостійної роботи у ПДТУ від 04.03.2002

Положення про визначення рейтингу студентів у навчальному процесі у ПДТУ від 20.03.2003.

Рекомендації щодо впровадження системи рейтингової оцінки знань на кафедрі іноземних мов та перекладу (протокол № 14 от 14.04.2003)


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